There are two types of cancer screening available:
- Breast Cancer Screening
- Pap Smear
Breast Cancer Screening
Finding a lump in your breast is most fearful and panic-provoking. Your immediate thought will probably be of cancer. Everyone reacts differently when this happens to her. Some will call their doctor at once, while others might be afraid of confirming their fears and delaying making an appointment. Eighty-five percent of all breast lumps found are non-cancerous.
It is only normal for you to feel upset and fearful if you find a lump in your breast. But fear will not make the lump disappear. The earlier you find a lump in its development and the smaller it is, the greater the chance it is curable if it is cancer
Benign Breast Lumps
Breasts are made up of ducts, lobes, fibrous tissue, and underlying bone; therefore, they can feel lumpy or uneven. Before your menstrual period begins, and sometimes during your period, you can have some tenderness, pain, or lumps in your breasts. This could be due to the extra fluid that collects in the breast tissue (cyst) as well as changes in the body’s hormonal levels. This is normal. But if the lumps do not disappear before your next period, contact your doctor.
Any noticeable change, thickening, or localized swelling in your breast that was not there before may be a lump. Some common benign breast problems that appear as lumps are:
Cystic Disease (fibrocystic breast disease) is the most common cause of breast lumps in women. These lumps or cysts are fluid-filled sacs that enlarge and become tender and painful before the menstrual cycle. This condition is responsible for at least half of all breast biopsies performed. It tends to involve both breasts. These lumps are movable, and if large may feel round and firm. The cystic disease usually disappears after menopause. Other common benign breast lesions are Fibroadenomas which are mobile, rubbery breast lumps in younger women, Lipomas, etc.
Screening aims to detect precancerous changes, which, if not treated, may lead to cancer.
In India every year more than 1 lac women are diagnosed with cervical cancer annually. Cervical Cancer is cancer that originates from the neck of the uterus also called the cervix. Strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, play a role in causing cervical cancer.
A Pap smear test is done to detect abnormal cells even before they lead to cancerous tumors. A routine cervical cancer screening test called a Pap smear should be done every 3 years after marriage. PAP smear procedure is a simple and painless procedure in which gentle scraping is done of the cervix with a brush or spatula The cells are then sent for microscopic examination to detect any abnormalities in the cells. Kindly seek an appointment if you have not had a PAP smear problem until now.